The text-shadow CSS property is used to apply a shadow effect to text. It allows you to add a visual shadow behind text elements, enhancing their visibility and creating a stylistic effect.

The text-shadow property accepts one or more values:

  • A color value specifies the color of the shadow. This can be a named color (e.g., red, blue), a hexadecimal value (e.g., #ff0000, #00bfff), an RGB value (e.g., rgb(255, 0, 0)), or an RGBA value (e.g., rgba(0, 0, 255, 0.5)).
  • An optional horizontal offset value defines the distance the shadow is offset horizontally from the text. Positive values move the shadow to the right, while negative values move it to the left.
  • An optional vertical offset value defines the distance the shadow is offset vertically from the text. Positive values move the shadow downwards, while negative values move it upwards.
  • An optional blur radius value controls the blurriness of the shadow. Higher values create a more spread-out and blurry shadow, while lower values create a sharper shadow.
  • Multiple shadows can be specified by separating them with commas.

Here’s an example:

.heading {
  text-shadow: 2px 2px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);

In this example, the .heading class applies a text shadow with a horizontal offset of 2 pixels, a vertical offset of 2 pixels, and a blur radius of 4 pixels. The shadow color is defined as a semi-transparent black (rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5)).

It’s important to note that the text-shadow property adds a shadow effect to the text but does not affect the underlying text color or other text properties. It can be used to enhance the readability of text by providing contrast against the background or to create decorative effects.

The text-shadow property is commonly used in headings, banners, or other prominent text elements to give them a visually appealing appearance. However, it’s important to use text shadows judiciously to ensure readability and avoid excessive or distracting effects that may compromise the user experience.